Trineflex Training Framework

The Trineflex Training Framework consists in: 

  • this section of the web site, as the catalogue of the Trineflex training units considered useful for the project.
    Each training unit includes the metadata, a file that contains details about the training unit, such as the indication about the content, the author(s), the licenses, the author(s) and the link to accede the lessons of the training unit;
  • the Trineflex training platform, hosting the whole training package, and for supporting and managing training actions;
  • the training units themselves, also as e-learning material, available according to different formats (webinars, multimedia presentations, etc.).
Registration for the training framework will be required upon first access to any training unit.
The Training Framework is organized in two levels:
The ‘Background Knowledge’ (already available) and ‘Results of the Trineflex outcomes’ (that will be available later on)

Background Knowledge

The Background Knowledge is the collection and organization of training material related to the main Trineflex topics, useful for enhancing the mutual knowledge and the cooperation within the partnership and to better facilitate the transfer of project results for the target audience.

Topic A - Energy Flexibility 

Topic A illustrates general considerations and examples about Energy flexibility for the industrial sector and strategies for its implementation into the industrial processes and gives essential skills and knowledge of Energy Management Systems (EMS) to drive energy efficiency and sustainability in industrial operations. 

Training Units:

Energy flexibility for the industrial sector and strategies for its implementation into the industrial processes.

1.1) Energy flexibility and energy saving concepts

1.2) Demand Response strategies in Europe 

The training unit will clarify the conceptual meaning of energy flexibility resource, service and product. Examples of resource, services and products are given to make them more concrete

2.1) Flexibility definition

2.2) Industrial flexibility resources

2.3) Flexibility services

2.4) Flexibility products 

Essential skills and knowledge of Energy Management Systems (EMS) based on data sourced from industrial environments, to drive energy efficiency and sustainability in industrial operations. 

3.1) Understanding energy management systems – CORE

3.2) Applications in industrial set-ups – CORE

3.3) The standard ISO 50.001 – R2M

Topic B - Digitalization

Topic B describes the Digital Platform for Process Industries starting from Digital retrofitting, essential first step to create a Digital Twin able for the digital validation and the optimization of the selected process in order to reduce costs and improve efficiency. Moreover, basic knowledge about Feedstock adaptation agent and Green ICT methodology are considered.

Training Units:

Digital retrofitting is an essential first step in the development phase of the TRINEFLEX project. It is key to eventually creating the digital twins, which is why it is important to explain what this means and what it offers. Generally speaking, digital retrofitting is the upgrading of legacy machines with sensors, including the integration of the machines into an IoT network, to enable data acquisition and the transfer of this data in a digitalized format.

1.1) What is digital retrofitting? Version 1 (lay audience) – DGS

1.2) Digital Retrofitting using Smart Sensors – LCM

It has recently been recognized that machine learning and data analytics play a critical role in realizing long-term sustainability goals in process industry. Indeed, industrial digitization is expanding at a relatively fast pace, given that sensors are getting faster, better and cheaper. Such a transformation requires substantial innovation in the context of Big Data management and analytics. In this training unit we will introduce the state-of-the-art Big Data technologies, interfacing data infrastructures and data storage solutions.

2.1) State-of-the-art in Big-Data Technologies – SCCH

2.2) Deployment and configuration of Big Data Solutions – SCCH

2.3) Interfacing Data Infrastruture – SYXIS

2.4) Data Storage – SYXIS

This training on Digital Twins encompasses basic introductions for newcomers as well as deeper insights and special topics for experienced audiences. It covers the creation and application of digital twins in various sectors, focusing on TRINEFLEX’s implementation, physics-based modeling, and predictive simulations. The training unit also delves into machine learning techniques and the challenges of Big Data, concluding with the concept of visual digital twins for effective data integration and visualization.

3.1) What is a digital twin? – LCM

3.2) Physics based models and simulation – LCM

3.3) Overview of data-based predictive modeling techniques for digital twins – SCCH

3.4) Visualisation – URSALEO

This training unit explains the framework for digital validation to optimize the selected processes. Digital Twins are a promising technology that is in-built into the manufacturing and production processes to reduce costs and improve efficiency.  The models used in a Digital Twin and its validation is an essential part   that forms the basis for reliable experiments for the system under consideration. In this training unit a framework to validate the DT and its models is provided for measuring their accuracy.

4.1) Procedures for digital validation

This training unit provides in a single lesson a background and basic knowledge about Feedstock adaptation agent and Green ICT methodology that will be considered in TRINEFLEX.  Firstly (Part A), the Feedstock Adaptation agent provides background and basic knowledge that will be considered in TRINEFLEX. The general concept of feedstock valorization, Circular Economy, Industrial Symbiosis and biomass conversion value pyramid will be presented.   

The training unit will also demonstrate (Part B) the features of ICTs, Green ICT methodology, its benefits to the end users and how methodology will be applied in the industry. The lessons will also cover the European Standards for Green ICT. 

5.1) Feedstock adaptation agent & Green ICT

Topic C - Technologies

Topic C illustrates different technological configurations that could improve the energy flexibility potential and environmental sustainability of Energy Intensive Industries.

Training Units:

Asset digitalization refers to the process of incorporating digital technologies, data, and automation to optimize the management of physical assets such us in energy. Energy digitalization covers the application of digital tools, data analysis, and automation to improve the effectiveness, sustainability, and dependability of energy generation, distribution, and consumption. 

1.1) Asset Digitalization and Digital Twin

1.2) Renewable Energy Integration in Industrials level

This training unit covers the underlying technologies utilized by the TRINEFLEX Distributed Energy Storage solution. Trainees will be introduced to these technologies, gain an overview of how they work, learn about their potential application in the energy sector and the benefits that are introduced by their inclusion in the developed solution. The training unit contains lessons that will be relevant to a wide range of audiences, including energy stakeholders, technology providers, policy makers, investors and researchers. 

2.1) Energy Actors Observatory & Community Empowerment for DES

2.2) Matchmaking Services for DES

2.3) Business Process Optimization for DES

2.4) Distributed ledger technologies for DES schemes

2.5) Data lake infrastructure & Open Application Programmers Interface technologies in DES

Hydrogen is seen as a very promising tool to reduce our dependency on fossil fuels in different areas of sectors of our economy (transport, industry, power production, etc). Therefore, the hydrogen energy carrier can potentially represent a key component for a future sustainable energy system, constituting an incentive towards the widespread use of renewable sources, but already in the short-medium term it can make fossil fuels compatible with environmental needs. However, many aspects relating to the full development of the complete supply chain still requires in-depth studies.  This training unit deals with the production, storage, transportation and use of hydrogen. 

3.1) Different hydrogen colors and production processes – TICASS

3.2) Hydrogen Storage & Transportation – TSK

3.3) Hydrogen utilization – TICASS

This training unit explores the integration of a hybrid solar panel matrix and heat pump with SINTEF’s solvent-based CO2 capture pilot plant in Tiller, Norway. Participants will gain insights into the design, installation, and operational aspects of this integration, understanding its potential for flexibility and energy optimization.

4.1) Design and Installation of Hybrid Solar Panel Matrix Loop

4.2) Heat Pump: Design, Construction, and Integration

4.3) Carbon Capture and Utilization Storage (CCUS)

This training unit specializes in TRINEFLEX, Biomass based fuels and feedstocks. The training unit will focus and learn about the field of food and product production through the thermochemical processes of pyrolysis and pyrogasification. The training unit includes lessons on the introduction to how pyrolysis works, the understanding of pyrogasification and the description of the pilot unit and its objectives.   

5.1) Introduction to Pyrolysis

5.2) Understanding Pyro-Gasification

5.3) Pilot Scale of Pyrolysis Reactor

Topic D - Production Processes

Topic D illustrates the definition and the structure for an energy audit process with related standards/certifications and provides some basic knowledge of Production Processes involved in the TRINEFLEX project related to glass, aluminium, copper and wastewater sectors.

Training Units:

Introduction of energy management and consumption control in the industrial sector. The EU standards for energy intensive companies and the EU energy reduction target for the green deal. The definition and the structure for an energy audit process and the standards/certifications for the industrial sector.

1.1) The energy Audit for industrial sector

General knowledge of the production process of hollow glass containers (bottles and jars). The various steps of the production process will be analyzed in order to give a general overview of a glass factory production. Two separate lessons will analyze the functioning of the feeder channels and the Shrinking-Hooding machines.

2.1) Glass containers manufacturing process

2.2) How feeders are made and how work

2.3) How Shrinking-Hooding machine are made and how works

This training unit introduces the production processes at HALCOR’s Copper Tubes Plant in Oinofyta, Europe’s largest copper tube facility. The plant is known for its efficiency in the EMEA region and has an annual production capacity of about 80,000 tons. It produces various types of copper tubes, including inner-grooved, insulated, clad, straight lengths, and coils, which we will briefly explore in two lessons. The first lesson covers an overview of the production processes, and the second focuses on the Chaintrack and single-drawing processes.

3.1) Copper manufacturing – Copper Tubes Plant overview

3.2) Chaintrack and single drawing processes

This training unit will provide some background knowledge about the secondary aluminum production process and its importance in the aluminum production sector. REFIAL aluminum refinery (Trineflex project Demo Case #2) – one of the 8 companies belonging to an industrial group “Grupo OTUA” (Spain, Basque country), which is among the leading metal recycling companies in Europe, will be shortly presented and the main production process activities will be briefly explained.  
Although “by recycling aluminium we save around 95% of the energy required to renew it, avoiding greater atmospheric pollution” (Refial, 2023
), there is space for process optimization, e.g., energy consumption reduction strategies, some of which are being investigated inside the Trineflex project. In this training unit several of these aluminum production process optimization possibilities considered inside the project will be presented: digital retrofitting, the usage of waste derived fuels, potential storage of the gases of interest (especially H2) produced during aluminium recycling process.      


4.1) Secondary aluminum production – REFIAL aluminum refinery

4.2) REFIAL process optimization strategies inside the Trineflex project

The wastewater treatment process and the basic principles of the treatment, taking as example the Wastewater treatment Plant (WWTP) of Alcantarilla – Spain. The main equipments used in a WWTP.

5.1) Wastewater treatment process. Fundamentals and equipments

5.2) Energy consumption and production in a WWTP

5.3) Objectives of TRINEFLEX project in Demo case 3

The wastewater treatment using the activated sludge method, taking as an example the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) of Metamorfosis – Greece. The main stages, equipment and the connection between them.

6.1) Wastewater treatment process. Fundamentals and equipment

6.2) Energy consumption and production at a WWTP – Objectives of TRINEFLEX project in Demo case #5